Wound Care: Ostomies, Leaking Wound Vacs, and Pressure Injuries

ostomates drawing

For this episode, I speak with Brittany Hoang, NP CWON, about common wound nursing pitfalls including admitting a patient with wounds, wound vac trouble shooting, ostomy care, and wounds related to oxygen administration and COVID-19.

Wounds on Admission

  • Use your hospital’s basic wound dressing protocol — probably wet to dry dressing.
  • Best case scenario: Propose a wound dressing to the primary doctor if you know the wound care consult will be delayed

Wound Vac Pearls

  • If a leak is detected, removed the soiled dressing (if needed), cleanse surrounding area with warm water and wash clothes, pat dry, apply skin prep, and cover with transparent dressing
  • If the wound vac loses suction for >2 hours, remove the dressing and apply wet to dry dressing until the vacuum dressing can be reapplied
  • To prevent soiling and leaks, consider a fecal management system or a stool thickener

Ostomies

  • If possible, change the ostomy bag early in the morning when the least amount of urine or stool may come out
  • Use the patient’s own routine and supplies. Patients know their ostomies best!
  • While changing the bag, keep the surrounding area clean by using gauze, a tampon, or suction to catch anything that may come out of the stoma
  • How to Change an Ostomy Bag for Nurses

Pressure Injuries (PIs)

  • Talk with your charge nurse or unit manager at the beginning of your shift about resources needed to turn/reposition your patients. It is in their best interest (and yours) that you have the staff you need to reposition your patients q2h in order to prevent hospital acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs).
  • Set a timer to remind yourself to reposition your patients
COVID Pressure Injuries
https://npiap.com/resource/resmgr/updated_stop_pi_day_fact_sh.pptx

Thank you to designer and ostomate Maryjane from MJPix for the wonderful Ostomy Day illustration for the episode graphic. Check out her Instagram page here.

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